Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. Encircled by a 2-mile border with Italy, Vatican City is an independent city-state that covers just over 100 acres, making it one-eighth the size of New York’s Central Park. Vatican City is governed as an absolute monarchy with the pope at its head. The Vatican mints its own euros, prints its own stamps, issues passports and license plates, operates media outlets and has its own flag and anthem. One government function it lacks: taxation. Museum admission fees, stamp and souvenir sales, and contributions generate the Vatican’s revenue.With an area of 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of about 1,000,it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population. Popes did not live at the Vatican until the 14th century. At several times during the Vatican’s history, popes escaped through a secret passageway. In 1277, a half-mile-long elevated covered passageway, the Passetto di Borgo, was constructed to link the Vatican with the fortified Castel Sant’Angelo on the banks of the Tiber River. It served as an escape route for popes, most notably in 1527 when it likely saved the life of Pope Clement VII during the sack of Rome. (https://www.history.com)
The Vatican Observatory owns a telescope in Arizona. As Rome expanded, light pollution from the city made it increasingly difficult for astronomers at the Vatican Observatory—located 15 miles from the city at the papal summer residence in Castel Gandolfo—to view the night skies, so in 1981 the observatory opened a second research center in Tucson, Arizona. The Vatican conducts astronomical research with a state-of-the-art telescope that sits atop Mount Graham in southeast Arizona. (https://www.history.com)
Ponte Vittorio Emanuele II is a bridge in Rome constructed to designs of 1886 by the architect Ennio De Rossi. Construction was delayed, and it was not inaugurated until 1911.
The bridge across the Tiber connects the historic centre of Rome (Corso Vittorio Emanuele, whose axis the bridge extends, and piazza Paoli at the bridgehead) with the rione Borgo and the Vatican City, close to the few remains of the Roman Pons Neronianus.
Ponte Umberto I, also known as Ponte Umberto, is a bridge that links Piazza di Ponte Umberto I to Piazza dei Tribunali in Rome (Italy), in the rioni Ponte and Prati.
National Museum of Castel Sant’Angelo
A few years after the entrance of the Castle into the Italian State domain, the first proposals for a museum appeared. The hypothesis formulated in 1886 to establish a Central Artillery Museum was not implemented. Meanwhile, the construction of the embankments on the Lungotevere (1890-1893) involved a series of excavations and excavations outside and inside the building, from which came several stone finds and ancient weapons that gave life to a first nucleus of antiquity preserved in various environments on the ground floor of the Castle.
Although several rooms were still used for troops, in 1901 the monument was opened for visits: in the Rooms of Clement VIII and in the Hall of Justice they found a place of historical finds, photographic material, a first collection of weapons, coins and ceramics found in earthworks made in the area. You can read more on the website. Click here.
Ponte Sant’Angelo, once the Aelian Bridge or Pons Aelius
List of Angels on the Bridge:
More pictures of Vatican:
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